God, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, The courage to change the things I can, And the wisdom to know the difference. (Serenity Prayer, Reinhold Niebuhr)

Critical Thinking

Critical thinking is “purposeful, reflective judgment which manifests itself in reasoned consideration of evidence, context, methods, standards, and conceptualizations in deciding what to believe or what to do.” (Facione, 1990).

Cognitive Skills (Facione, 1990)

Critical Thinking Dispositions

5-Step Critical Thinking Problem Solving and Decision Making Process (Facione & Gittens, 2011)

  1. Identify the problem and set priorites
  2. Deepen understanding and gather relevant information
  3. Enumerate options and anticipate consequences
  4. Assess situation and make a preliminary decision
  5. Scutinize and process self-correct as needed

Conspiracy Theories

<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/0b_eHBZLM6U" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe>


Facione, P. A. (1990). Critical Thinking: A Statement of Expert Concensus for Purposes of Educational Assessment and Instruction. Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press. Facione, P. A., & Gittens, C. A. (2011). Student Academic Success. Think Critically. Pearson Education.