Materials Handling & Movement
- Lift trucks (forklifts) - limited to handling unit loads as high as 40 feet
- Rider trucks - small general purpose trucks used in a warehouse
- Towlines - overhead or in-floor cables that provide continuous power to four-wheel trailers
- Tractor trailers - a driver guided unit towing a number of individual four-wheel trailers (typically 4x8 feet trailers)
- Conveyors - power/gravity, roller/belt product movement
- Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV) - a tow tractor that is automatically guided by lines placed in the warehouse floor
- Automated sortation - computer- and robotics-based automated sorting equipment, commonly used with conveyors
- Robotics - commonly used to build or break down unit loads
- Live Racks - storage rack where product automatically flows to the desired selection position (commonly using gravity flow & rollers)
- Automated storage and retrieval systems - uses high-rise storage racks (as high as 120 feet) stacking palletized cartons in a mechanized handling system. Aisles range from 120 to 800 feet in length, with horizontal speeds of 300-400 feet per minunte and hoisting speeds of 100 feet per minute or more. Provides maximum storage density and minimizes labor cost at high capital expense.
- Bowersox, Closs & Cooper, 2010. Supply Chain Logistics Management, 3rd Edition.
- Wikipedia, 2011.